Laman utama A.A.V. Newsletter Newcastle Outbreak Update

Newcastle Outbreak Update

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Bahasa:
english
Majalah:
A.A.V. Newsletter
DOI:
10.2307/25630303
Date:
December, 1980
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PDF, 342 KB
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A.A.A.P

Tahun:
1980
Bahasa:
english
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Avian Educational Meetings

Tahun:
1980
Bahasa:
english
File:
PDF, 286 KB
Association of Avian Veterinarians

Newcastle Outbreak Update
Source: A.A.V. Newsletter, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Dec., 1980), pp. 3-4
Published by: Association of Avian Veterinarians
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NEWCASTLE

OUTBREAK

UPDATE

to Dr.
Johnson,
Poultry
Daryl
Regional
Epidemiologist
According
the
recent
Disease
Newcastle
for the U.S.D.A.
Services,
Veterinary
Pet
in
Miami
from
Inc.
outbreak
traced
Farm,
shipments
through
on 580 premises
of 30,11^
with
birds
resulted
in the depopulation
These
include
of $1,152,611
indemnities
paid.
being
figures
and
in Texas
distributors
from independent
trace-outs
secondary
California.
to be
were found
in 23 states
62 of these
premises
only
Ultimately
the presentnote:
for V.V.N.D'.
policy
(2d.
Unfortunately,
positive
in gross
Newcastle
Task
Force
results
of the U.S.D.A.
overkill.)
the Pet Farm facility
been
into
introduced
to have
The virus
appears
were
from
another
six
which
macaws,
holding
shipped
Military
by
These
not
did
show
birds
in California.
any clinical
signs
facility
amazons
in the neighboring
but when the Yellow-crowned
of the disease,
3eme
Dr.
and sudden
to show lethargy,
started
death,
cage
depression
the
and requested
owner of Pet Farm,
the vi; rus
Levine,
suspected
. The Military
were
and
macaws
indeed
the virus
tests
shedding
were
the first
positives
diagnosed.
to
was no mortality
the virus
in macaws,
there
appeared
Although
even
test
to
chickens.
than
more
to
other
be
virulent
psittacines.
amazon
and cockatoos
had very
Cockatiels,
high mortality.
parrots
were
of the trachea
consistent:
mortem lesionsThe post
hemmorhage
tract,
and
intestinal
in
the
enteritis
and lamyx,
hemmorhage
general
are
lesions
which
seen:
hemorrhage
rarely
and necrotic
lining

classic
showed
mortem,
Cockatiels,
upon post
books
but are
disease
in poultry
described
and under
the gizzard
in the proventriculus
areas
colon-cloacal
Apparently,
runs
which

V.V.N.D.
course
its

"PSITTACOSIS

is a
but

in finches
fatal.

disease
transient
is not necessarily

and

canaries,

KITS"

States
United
at the November,
In a paper
19S0
presented
in Louisville,
Health
Association
Animal
Kentucky,
(USAHA) meeting
the
described
and W.W. Utterback
R.S.
G.N.
Drs*
Lukas,
Cooper,
disease
Newcastle
for
in
California
been
initiated
that
has
system
in pet birds.
and Chlamydia
surveillance
Recognizing

that

the

restrictions

on

placed

the

importation

of

outbreak
the 1972 Newcastle
exotic birds into this country following
and
the
of
birds
possibility
entry
promoted illegal
ultimately

the
undetected
of introducing
V.V.N.D.,
a program
to
to develop
were authorized,
and
to
bird
services
poultry
diagnostic
screens
for
This
system
and
salmonella
chlamydia
as for Newcastle
disease.

chlamydia
culture

State
Laboratories
California
differential
provide
owners
and avian
practitioners

isolation,
and other

fecal
examination
as
isolations
virus

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for
well

of screw
A diagnostic
kit,
top mailing
sample
consisting
cylinder,
two tubes
of 2 cc of Newcastle-chlamydia
instruction
sheet,
transport
an empty tube
for bacteria
for a fecal
isolation
medium,
sample
was developed
to facililate
and cloacal
of sampl
submissions
swabs,
to the laboratory.
in State
in
is now available
Laboratories
Diagnostic
The^service
a
and has
much
California
California
for
practitioners,
provided
needed
At the same time,, during
service.
the first
diagnostic
V.V.N.D.
cases
were
of 1980,
nine
months
1^ separate
positive
have
not
detected
been
that
otherwise
which
disclosed,
may
early.
is a State
this
program,
Unfortunately,
in other
of the country
available
parts
be"
that
in
the
with
frontation
"powers
Laboratory
systems.
Diagnostic
The complete
of the USAHA

and
will
the

to have
reauire
individual

methods
and materials,
paper,
including
available
in"March.
Proceedings,

States

Animal Health

be

will

U.S.A.H.A.

The United

such
services
con
direct
State

part

(USAHA) is a

Association

health
of animal
"the
for
study
organization
non-profit
large
thereto,
of
information
dissemination
relating
science....the
of the laws,
so far as possible
policies,
regulations,
the unification
.
.
.
and
eradication
to
control,
.the. prevention,
and methods
pertaining
diseases."
animal
of transmissibleare
that
by this
passed
on U.S.D.A.
legislation

Resolutions
of influence

of the
In light
the Transmissible
"...that
stating
for a
mechanism
industries
bird
of

appear
policies.

to

have

a

great

deal

Committee
the USAHA's
Newcastle
outbreak,
recent
a motion
of Poultry
Diseases
passed
unanimously
of the
the
establishment
Committee
the
supports
the
and
the
between
pet
formal
poultry
dialogue
on
the
research
and
problem
and regulatory
people

on

eradication."

V.V.N.D.

Another
resolution
favors
Committee
propagation
captive
Although
definitely

body
and

of aviculture
in the interest
the encouragement
by government
birds."
and aviary
of cage

resolutions
these
a positive
step

formal
sound
very
in the recognition

and
of

stated
of the

the
"That
domestic

they are
vague,
bird
the pet
industry.

of a second
for lack
died
which
of the Committee
motion
as an agricultural
bird
of the pet
industry
do with
recognition
2o are
of this
members
committee,
(Of the 27 current
industry.
and
on Cage
is a Sub-committee
there
However,
poultry-related.
have
a motion
would
of such
The eventual
approval
Birds.)
Aviary
service
of
on the open availability
effects
government
far-reaching
to avian
practitioners.

Another
had to

To become
practitioner,

$20 a year.
VA 23228.

and
involved
individual

Write

of how
aware
memberships

these
are

to US AHA, 692^ Lakeside

problems
available

Ave.,

the avian
affect
in USAHA for

Suite

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205* Richmond,