Laman utama A.A.V. Newsletter In My Experience

In My Experience

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Majalah:
A.A.V. Newsletter
DOI:
10.2307/25630305
Date:
December, 1980
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Back Matter

Tahun:
1980
Bahasa:
english
File:
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A.A.A.P

Tahun:
1980
Bahasa:
english
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PDF, 211 KB
Association of Avian Veterinarians

In My Experience
Source: A.A.V. Newsletter, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Dec., 1980), pp. 6-9
Published by: Association of Avian Veterinarians
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IN MY EXPER

IENCE?

to the members who sent
in items
for this
thanks
sincere
on
we
comments
the
first
When
issue.
received
Newsletter,
positive
was referred
was the section
is where we
that
this
to, and this
We have
to start
can help
decided
educate
each other.
numbering
on
so
have
comments
of
those
if any
the items,
you
printed,
already
to.
so we1II
to refer
be easier
last
it will
time,
(We had 8 items
No.
start
here with
9.)
Our

case
have worked
in ideas
in your practice,
Please
send
that
reports,
answer.
someone
or even questions
like
else
would
to
you
help
PL 33^63*
Lake Worth,
Send to:
A.A.V.
Newsletter,
5770 Lake Worth Road,
Make sure
is adequate
there
ventilation
IN MY EXPERIENCE
9
in these
for
before
in incubator
cages
type hospital
investing
care
ventilation
units
with
and small
birds
mammals.
style
Aquarium
in the top may allow
carbon
the expired
holes
dioxide,
only from air
to settle
near
the
than air,
the bottom where
is heavier
which
or even carbon
Results
animal
may be inadequate
stays.; 
oxygenation
dioxide
toxicity.
?
D.V.M.
R. Spink,
Ronald
. . Any bird
should
IME 10
presented
signs
sieving
neurological
to determine
since
both
if lead
be radiographed
has been ingested,
can show a variety
of neurological
and chronic
lead
acute
poisoning
or blindness.
seizures,
disorientation,
including
signs
?

3.

Robert

Altman,

D.V.M.

. . I use a large
to examine
of sponge
the
IME 11
pair
forceps
amazons
I
from
In
most
the
.of
oral
cases,
up.
psittacines
cavity
can slip
and hold
and lower
the oval
beak into
the upper
openings
are
sterili
in cold
the mouth in place.
The forceps
kept
generally
zation.

?

Barry

T.

Mitzner,

D.V.M.

. .For
some time I have
of a
the-use
recommended
IME 12
Moto
drill
foot
control
with
hand held
Tool,
(Dremel
high-speed
down the nails
of a larger
bird
rather
for grinding
Model
380)
be restrained
else
should
The bird
than cutting
them.
by someone
as
it.
The
so you can hold
nail
heat
each
you grind
separately
at the
stone
vessels
the blood
cauterizes
produced
by the honing
can
the nails
the threat
same time and you
much shorter
without
get
or even
beaks
also
for trimming
tool
works well
of bleeding.
This
are growing
beaks
that
abnormally.
shaping
?

Greg

J.

Harrison,

D.V.M.

made concerns
lrve
An interesting
observation
that
IME 13
that
Ifve
bones
to parrots.
noted
chicken
the feeding
of cooked
treat
for many birds
and they seem to enjoy
is a tremendous
this
to keep
the
and consuming
the marrow.
It seems
the bones
cracking
some
must
and
nutritional,
awhile
have
for
birds
undoubtedly
occupied

value.

3arry

T.

Mitzner,

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D.V.M.

IME Ik

.

. CASE

REPORT

Hemochromatosis

a

in

Greater

Indian

Hill

Mynah

on its
with a skin
lesion
old mynah was presented
An 8 year
at
the
lesion.
antibiotic
bird
flank.
The
Topical
picked
right
and an elizabethan
steroid
collar
(Panalog,
preparations
Liquachlor)
did not help.
The bird was found to be hypothyroid
micro
0.9
(T^
in no clinical
resulted
oral
levothyroxine
grams per deciliter);
a chronic
revealed
mononuclear
inflamma
A skin
biopsy
improvement.
tory dermatitis.
2 weeks
state
after
in a depressed
bird
presented
biopsy
and lack
of vocalization.
A mini-avian
anorexia
with partial
a normal
in LDH (greater
showed
hemogram and an elevation
panel
over
weeks
The bird was treated
several
with
than 800 IU/dl).
and
and
oral
ampicillin
parenteral
gentamicin,
spectinomycin,
The bird's
condition
oral
carbenicillin.
improved
transiently,
after
onset
Four weeks
of signs,
elevated.
but the LDH remained
died.
the bird
The

were found upon post-mortem
examination.
No gross
lesions
were recovered
from the liver.
and coliforms
Pseudomonas
sp.
found diffuse
of the liver
vacuolation
fatty
Histopathology
of dark brown iron pigment.
and marked
accumulation
Myocardial
The pathological
of similar
small
contained
fibers
quantities
pigment.
was
hemochromatosis.
diagnosis
in
found no similar
of the literature
conditions
A search
J.
Dr.
Walder
to
(Los Angeles
According
Emily
species.
this
is a recognized
Services),
Pathology
County Comparative
seen
It is characterized
relative
in mynahs.
by their
syndrome
been
and
had
store
iron.
This
bird
handle
to
living
inability
content.
with a known high
iron water
of Los Angeles
in an area
measures
water
include
providing
preventative
drinking
Suggested
content.
in iron
lower

avian

of 28th western
Disease
In the Proceedings
(Ed. Note:
Poultry
J. Lowenstine,
D.V.M.
Linda
describes
Conference,
March,
1979*
and
a case
associated
with hepatic
cirrhosis
of hemochromatosis
in a Greater
Indian
Hill
She suggests
also
heart
failure,
Mynah.
since
commercial
it may be due to dietary
overload,
mynah foods
on the known nutrient
based
are usually
formulated
requirements
or perhaps
other
such as choline
for poultry;
imbalances,
dietary
or copper
deficiencies
may contribute.)
M.

Alan

Fudge,

D.V.M.

can be an invaluable
to
aid
A refractometer
IME 15
a
serum
of
is
medicine.
in
avian
drop
Only
single
prognosis
tube
from a regular
and it can be obtained
hematocrit
needed
WBC and the plasma
the PCV, an
estimated
color
after
reading
The literature
the
from one sample.
all
suggests
following:
Serum Level
Prognosis
& over
No immediate
^.3
danger
care
& diagnosis
Immediate
2.3
supportive
2.3

& less

needed.

Poor

prognosis
--

Ronald

probably
R.

Spink,

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will

die.
D.V.M.

I ME 16
Upper

.

. CASE

Airway

REPORT

Obstruction

in

a

Yellow-headed

Amazon

amazon
was presented
to the clinj^^
A young yellow-headed
parrot
disease.
had
of
The
bird
beconSr
progressively
respiratory
signs
a loud,
over
and was now making
sound
3-^ weeks
wheezing
dyspneic
on expiration.
to drop
The bird's
had begun
off and the
appetite
were
loose.
becoming
droppings
?
were
exam revealed
no abnormalities
nares
The physical
clear,
?
the
fair
of
the
with
oral
normal,
pre
exception
cavity
weight
is
sound
wheeze.
mentioned
This
expiratory
respiratory
viously
an
of
obstruction.
upper
airway
suggestive
for

values
Laboratory
smear were within
later
which
proved
a definite
They revealed
10 cm. from the glottis.
blood
done

of packed
cell
total
volume,
normal
limits.
A tracheal
and chest
X-rays
negative,
of the proximal
narrowing

a
was then given
The bird
at
.01 mg/60 gm in preparation
A ^ mm. Wolf
trachea.
endoscope
exam.

and
protein,
was
culture
were
taken.
about
trachea

of ketamine
dose
sedative
(Keta-set)
of the
examination
for endoscopic
was used
source
and light
for the

and the tongue
mouth was held
The bird's
open with a speculum
was grasped
As the endoscope
and pulled
with a hemostat.
outward
seen
was almost
com
it was
the trachea
entered
the trachea
that
a
mass
The
of
material.
occluded
with
endoscope
yellowish
pletely
was placed
in the trachea
was removed
and a small
forceps
alligator
and gently
teased
and
free
from the walls
the mass was grasped
was again
to
the trachea
The endoscope
into
removed.
introduced
a
was
of
exudate
small
amount
for any bleeding.
check
Only
yellow
seen
of the tra.chea.
and posterior
on the anterior
surfaces
of the material
revealed
removed
Examination
only^ctegenerative
were
seen
and no causative
cells
No neoplastic
debris.
cellular
or special
were
It was Speculated
culture
stains.
found with
agents
the exudate
found was from a previously
that
respiratory
existing
infection.
an uneventful
The bird
experienced
were audible
the procedure
after
sounds
on Tylan
was placed
for 7 days
powder

and no respiratory
recovery
was performed.
The bird
no further
and exhibited
problems
--

Richard

Nye,

D.V.M.

. . The purpose
a wing
of clipping
is to unbalance
IME 17
so
the bird
the feathers
that
cannot
of lift
amount
provide
a
can
The
to
still
but
stop.
glide
easily
technique
fly very
of the bird
it is
the size
but basically
somewhat
with
varies
a
one
On
of
feathers
bodied
done on the primary
heavy
wing only.
are
as
or
an
three
two
African
such
bird,
tip
Gray,
primaries
not
to the floor
when he attempts
he does
crash
left
on, so that
of the primaries
All
but has more of a controlled
landing.
flying,
on lighter
on one wing are usually
birds
such as
clipped
cockatielsy^
new feathers
a molt,
When zhe^m
grow out one at a time.
During
new
ire
a wing trim,
will
feather
the single
after
bird molts
emerging
as
to
it
blood
it
back
the
(distal
emerges
clipped
Keep
unprotected.
so it does
not break
off and bleed.
of course)
supply,
the

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(cont
)
to damage
and cause
bodied
continues
bird
If a heavy
bleeding
are growing
at the tip
of his wing as the new feathers
out,
support
a forcep,
out ? or 5 of the stubs
with
the wing steadily
and,
pull
so the new feathers
will
all
the
grow out at the same time.
Tape
a
and
restraint
allow
to
the
the
with
feathers
body
wing up
bandage
to grow in for the next
3-^ weeks.
Greg

IME 18

J.

D.V.M.

Harrison,

. . A CAUSE OF FEATHER PICKING

in pet birds,
To understand
of feather
the phenomena
picking
are
must realize
affected
that
birds
emotional
animals
psycho
and mental
stress.
A simple
by both physical
comparison
logically
can be made to the person
a nervous
who might
such as
habit
develop
been
habit
has probably
undesirable
This
brought
fingernail
biting.
on by some situation
the
which
initiated
worry or fear.
Similarly,
at and pulling
out his
has
become
feathers
bird
chewing
distraught
a disease
Self
of this
is definitely
from fear.
destruction
type
of captivity,
not known in the wild.
one

in the wild
Survival
depends
is so basic
to continued
existence
to food gathering
and
ranks next
to damage
feathers
their
anything

and
feather
constant
care,
upon
of
it
order
that
in
importance,
never
will
do
Birds
reproduction.
mind functions
if their
normally.

of evolution,
have
solved
million
birds
three
years
Through
movement
all
from
At
them.
their
any sound,
away
problems
by flying
or strangeness,
react
and
the bird's
alarm
.would immediately
system
so
to
was
that
send the bird
successful
birds
This
system
flight.
answers.
or look
never
for other
had to become
remains
Flight
cunning
as their
that
in captivity
has
escape
solution,
except
compelling
been prevented.
some environments
are not acceptable
for a bird.
Unfortunately,
sources
are
the chief
of fear
Within
the actions,
the environment,
can be the greatest
of their
and attitudes
behavior
captors.
People
or the worst
of
friend
birds.
enemy
pet
a bird,
and anxiety
build
When fear
confusion,
turmoil,
plagues
to
extent
that
the
feather
normal
inside
his
him
up
grooming
is variable,
becomes
The severity
feather
of the problem
picking.
nervous
and
the
the
of
the
bird,
upon
make-up
personality
depending
factors.
and
other
of
environmental
insult,
degree
a proper
environment
of providing
in new homes
The importance
more
and probably
is educating
be overemphasized,
cannot
important
birds
of a pet bird..
the owner to the sensitivity
Further,
initially
as not everyone
can
are wild
that must be tamed,
and
animals,
just
or innate
not everyone
to
the talent
tame a wild
has
horse,
ability
a wild
are
tame and train
and
bird.
the
key
patience
Understanding
a
it is easy
to produce
to pet bird
Without
these,
ownership.
can care
for himself
confused
that no longer
bird
hostile,
neurotic,
or relate
to the people
around
him.
--

Ted

J.

Lafeber,

D.V.M.

are
IME 19
Certain
that
considered
plants
poisonous
do not
cats
and dogs
(diffenbachia,
philodendrum,
poinsetta)
else
when
Does
birds.
to produce
anyone
ingested
by
toxicity
on
that?
any thoughts
--

Greg

J.

Harrison,

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to
seem
have
D.V.M.